Human Physiology - Locomotion and Movement : Biology short answer questions for NEET-UG, AIPMT, MBBS, Dental admission tests, JEE


Human Physiology - Locomotion and Movement 

(NEET Syllabus): Origin Types of movement- ciliary, fiagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY (Locomotion and Movement)

Theoretical Questions - TQ 1 (Q. No. 1-8)

Very Short Answer Objective Questions
Question 1. Which bones are present in pectoral girdle?
Question 2. Write down the formula of vertebral column.
Question 3. Name the cells/tissues in human body which
(a) Exhibit ameboid movement
(b) Exhibit ciliary movement.
Question 4. Write down the phallangel formula of human forelimb.

Short Answer Objective Questions
Question 5. Differences between kyphosis and lordosis?
Question 6. Name the different bones of
(i) Middle ear.
(ii) Pelvic Girdle.
Question 7. Name the type of joint between the following:
(a) atlas and axis
(b) carpal and metacarpal of thumb
(c) femur and acetabulum
(d) between cranial bones.
Question 8. What is the difference between the matrix of bone and cartilage?

Answer 1. Scapula & Clavicle.
Answer 2. C7, T12, L5, S5, Co4.
Answer 3. (a) WBC & macrophages. (b) Sperm.
Answer 4. 23333
Answer 5. Kyphosis: Exaggeration of thoracic curve, resulting in "round-shouldered" appearance, also called hunch back.
Lordosis: An exaggeration of lumber curve, also called sway back.
Answer 6. (i) Malleus, Incus, Stapes. (ii) Ilium, Ischium, Pubis.
Answer 7. (a) Pivot joint. (b) Saddle joint. (c) Ball & Socket joint. (d) Fixed joint.

Answer 8. Bone and cartilage are specialised connective tissues. The former has a very hard matrix due to calcium salts in it and the latter has slightly pliable matrix due to chondroitin salts.

 Human Physiology: Locomotion and Movement - Biology Objective Questions 

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