Biology Objective Very Short Answer Type Questions - Breathing and Respiration, Exchange of Gases


Breathing and Respiration, Exchange of Gases (NEET-UG, NEST, Medical Entrance Exam Syllabus): Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY (Breathing and Respiration, Exchange of Gases)

Biology Objective Type Theoretical Questions - TQ 1 (Q. No. 1-30)

Very Short Answer Type Questions (Solution given at the end)
Question: 1: Write the name of main respiratory organ in human beings.
Question: 2: Name two animals which carry on anaerobic respiration.
Question: 3: Name the cavities which are separated by palate.
Question: 4: Give the name of the partition between thorax and abdomen.
 Question: 5: Which is the respiratory organ of earthworm?
Question: 6: Write the term used for respiratory organs of insects.
Question: 7: Name two group of animals that respire via gills.
Question: 8: Write the respiratory organ of tadpole larva of frog.
Question: 9: What is the main characteristic of gills?
Question: 10: Which group of animals have well-developed respiratory system?
Question: 11: Name the organ which helps in sound production.
Question: 12: Why is trachea surrounded by cartilaginous rings?
Question: 13: In which part nasal chamber opens?
Question: 14: What is the role of pleural membranes?
Question: 15: Which is the first step of respiration?
Question: 16: What is glottis?
Question: 17: What happens to the volume of thoracic cavity when muscle fibres of diaphragm contract?
Question: 18: What its the rate of breathing in a normal healthy man?
Question: 19: What is the effect on the volume of pulmonary cavity when volume of thoracic cavity increases?
Question: 20: What happens to ribs and sternum during contraction of external intercostal muscles?
Question: 21: Name the additional muscles which help in increasing the strength of breathing.
Question: 22: What happens when the pressure within the pulmonary cavity is more than the atmospheric air?
Question: 23: What its the value of expiratory reserve volume (ERV)?
Question: 24: Define tidal volume.
Question: 25: What is respiratory capacity?
Question: 26: What is the value of tidal volume in a normal healthy man per minute?
Question: 27: What is respiratory volume?
Question: 28: What are the factors on which vital capacity of lungs depend?
Question: 29: How can you estimate the value of functional residual capacity (FRC)?
Question: 30: In which of the following vital capacity is maximum: Athlete, Old man, Woman and Asthmatic.
BREATHING and RESPIRATION (EXCHANGE of GASES) - More Objective Questions with Answers

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