Biology Online Practice Questions for NEET, AIPMT, Medical Entrance Exams and MBBS Admission Tests: Diversity in The Living World, Biological Classification


Biology > Diversity in The Living World, Biological Classification
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Diversity in The Living World - Biological Classification

(NEET Syllabus)
What is Living? Taxonomic Categories. Taxonomical Aids. Biodiversity; Three domains of life; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens.
Need for classification; Taxonomy & Systematics and Binomial system of nomenclature. Kingdom Systems of Classification.  Classification from two Kingdoms to five Kingdom Systems. Major groups of each Kingdom along with their silent features (Monera, including Archaebacteria, Cyanobacteria and Bacteria, Protista - Dinoflagilates and Diatoms, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia): Viruses, Lichens. Kingdom: Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia. Viruses. Viroids.

The Living World and Biological Classification

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) – Set 1 (Q. No. 1 - 10)

Question 1: The basic / smallest unit of classification is –
a. Species    b. Taxon    c. Category    d. Subspecies

Question 2: Which of the following represents “Phylum”?
a. Mammalia    b. Chordata    c. Solanum    d. Carnivora

Question 3: Enzymes are studied under –
a. Physiological chemistry
b. Biological chemistry
c. Biochemistry
d. Functional biochemistry

Question 4: Earliest attempt to scientific basis for classification is made by –
a. Linnaeus    b. Whittaker    c. Aristotle    d. Theophrastus

Question 5: Most recent branch of Taxonomy is –
a. Karyotaxonomy (based on nucleus and number, structure and arrangement of chromosomes)
b. Biochemical taxonomy (based on biochemicals)
c. Numerical taxonomy (based on number of shared characters using statistical methods)
d. Classical systematics (based on morphological features)

Question 6: In Whittaker’s ‘Five Kingdom Classification’ eukaryotes were assigned to
a. Only three of the five kingdoms
b. Only two of the five kingdoms
c. Only four of the five kingdoms
d. All of the five kingdoms

Question 7: Taxon is
a. Short term for taxonomy
b. A group of species
c. A classificatory (taxonomic) unit of any rank
d. A compendium of international rules of nomenclature

Question 8: Six kingdom classifications was suggested by Gray and Doolittle (1982) and Carl Woose (1990) divided these six kingdoms into three domains on the basis of sequence of
a. r-RNA genes    b. m-RNA genes    c. Nitrogen bases in DNA    d. Amino acids in protein

Question 9: The place where wild animals are kept in captivity, under human care is known as
a. Herbarium    b. Museum    c. Botanical gardens    d. Zoological parks

Question 10: Search of life outside the earth is called as –
a. Exobiology    b. Ethology    c. Astronomy    d. Physiognomy

India Study Solution
Biology: The Living World and Biological Classification

Solutions of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) – Set 1 (Q. No. 1 – 10)

Answer 1: (a).   Answer 2: (b).   Answer 3: (c).   Answer 4: (c). Answer 5: (a). Answer 6: (c).   Answer 7: (c). Answer 8: (a).   Answer 9: (d).   Answer 10: (a).
Diversity in The Living World, Biological Classification - Practice Tests

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