Answer: The salaries and perquisites given to the English soldiers were much higher than those given to the Indian soldiers. White soldiers used to enjoy a lot of privileges while Indian soldiers were given a pittance. These were the reasons for discontentment among Indian soldiers in the Company’s army which finally caused the revolt.
Give an incidence of bravery shown by old Kunwar Singh while fighting with the British.
Answer: Eighty year old Veer Kunwar Singh of Bihar received a bullet in his wrist while fighting with the British. Instead of succumbing to the injury, he just cut it off. He threw his hand into the river Ganga saying that it was his last gift to Mother Ganga.
QUESTION: The religious leaders in India used to preach some bogus practices in the latter half of the 17th century. What were these practices?
Answer: These were -
3. Anyone who crosses the sea loses his religion.
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QUESTION: Give two reasons that helped the British to extend their power in 18th century.
Answer: Two reasons that helped the British to extend their power in India in 18th century are -
1. Their superior weapons
2. The quarrels among Indian princes
QUESTION: Name a single important change brought by Lord Macaulay in the education in India.
Answer: Lord Macaulay introduced English as the medium of education in India. Earlier all education in India were imparted through the mediums of Persian and Sanskrit.
QUESTION: How did the British cripple the Indian industry?